Posts Tagged ‘Madison Square Garden’

Ethnography Study: Key Findings

August 8, 2010

by Amy McLeod
August 8, 2010

Culture is defined as “the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc” (dictionary.com).  In this way, Madison Square Garden serves as a place for people of a similar culture to congregate in support of something.  This is different than most areas in New York City.

Every neighborhood in NYC has its own culture, an aspect unique to the area, that is both defined by the people who live there and that defines those people.  The Upper East Side is ritzy.  Soho is trendy.  Chelsea is gay-friendly.  Greenwich Village is artsy.   Madison Square Garden is distinct because its “culture” changes daily.  Depending on the event taking place in the Graden and the people who choose to attend the event, the culture will change.

In studying Madison Square Garden, I was faced with many different types of information – both subjective and objective.  Everyone who has an experience or a memory regarding Madison Square Garden adds to the ethnographic makeup of the arena.  However, each of these is only a small aspect of the study.  These are subjective elements because they all believe that their experience is the most important or valuable.  It is my job, as the researcher, to understand how these subjective aspects relate to the ethnography as a whole.

These stories and memories do make up a huge part of the ethnography of Madison Square Garden.  Because it is such a diverse space, it’s important to know what types of experiences have been had in the arena.  It is also important, however, to do objective research about the space.  Why was it built above Penn Station?  What types of entertainment is it designed to accommodate?  How has technology changed MSG?   These are objective questions that were answered either through research or by speaking with someone who works at Madison Square Garden.

The combination of information gained through both objective and subjective sources allowed me to get a full understanding of the ethnography of Madison Square Garden.  Having one of these types of understanding without the other would leave the research only partially complete and lacking important elements.

Those who have a unique experience or memory create knowledge.  The combination of all of these different elements together forms knowledge.  Each memory is valuable and represents a different aspect of our understanding so, with each that is added, a greater knowledge is achieved.  It is through the gathering of many different experiences with Madison Square Garden that I began to piece together my understanding of the arena.  With each interview or bit of research that I did, my ethnographic knowledge was enhanced.   Particularly with a location that is as diverse and variable as Madison Square Garden, each new bit of knowledge goes a long way in helping me understand the magnitude of Madison Square Garden.

As mentioned, MSG’s culture varies immensely with each day.  Because the Garden hosts everything from the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show to a Lady Gaga concert to a New York Knicks basketball game, the culture is always changing.  Because of this, it was my job as the ethnographer to understand each individual aspect of MSG.   I could not simply learn about the concerts that are hosted or the basketball games that are played.  In order to do the arena justice, I had to research all of the different elements that are present in MSG.  Simple research would not cut it, either.  It was my responsibility to experience MSG for myself. I had to understand the history of the arena and what it strives to achieve.  I had to understand it as more than just an arena, but as a cultural and historical icon.

Madison Square Garden: Informative Flyer

August 2, 2010

by Amy McLeod
August 2, 2010

My “street” is Madison Square Garden.  Though I cannot provide a guide through the actual arena, I can provide an informative flyer that could be available in the MSG concourse and online for viewers to see.

Click here to see the flyer of Madison Square Garden

MSG in the Guggenheim

July 28, 2010

by Amy McLeod
July 28, 2010

I got frustrated walking through the Guggenheim.  I was having a hard time finding a piece of art that reminded me of Madison Square Garden.  There was nothing related to athletics or entertainment.  I realized, however, that I was thinking far too literally.

Then I walked through the exhibit called Broken Forms: European Modernism from the Guggenheim Collection.  This exhibit was made up a many different pieces of art.  They all consisted of vibrant colors and exciting shapes.  There wasn’t a clear top or bottom;the pieces could be interpreted anyway the viewer saw fit.

Franz Marc, Broken Forms (Zerbrochene Formen), 1914 (detail). Oil on canvas, 111.8 x 84.4 cm. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York 50.1240

These pieces reminded me of Madison Square Garden because of their ability to be seen in different ways.  MSG is a large space that can accommodate anything from sporting events to concerts to the circus to dinosaur exhibits.  It is flexible and it’s true purpose can be debated.

I felt that the pieces in the Broken Forms exhibit were similar.  Their meaning could be debated and the meaning might change depending on how the viewer chose to look at the art.

It’s bigger than the game.

July 25, 2010

by Amy McLeod
July 25, 2010

I interviewed Brent Lefferts, a co-worker at CBS radio.  Fifteen years ago he attended a basketball game at Madison Square Garden.  That game changed his life, making him realize that he wanted to be involved with sports broadcasting.  This is the story of that night.

It’s March 29, 1995.  It’s the New York Knicks and the Chicago Bulls at Madison Square Garden.  Patrick Ewing and Michael Jordan.  This is going to be epic.

I got three tickets to the game for my 21st birthday.  I have been waiting for this day for about two months and now, it’s finally here.

Ewing jersey on.  Backward Knicks hat situated perfectly on my head. Nike tennis shoes on.  Camera, extra film and ticket in hand.  I’m out the door.

The half-hour train ride brings me right into Penn Station.  As I exit the train and follow the signs to Madison Square Garden, the excitement is mounting.  I can feel the energy already.   It’s electric.

I’m a little early, as planned, and get to take my time navigating the concourse of the Garden.  There are banners lining the walls detailing many notable athletic competitions and musical performances that have taken place in Madison Square Garden.  I’m in awe as I wander around, taking it all in.

My two best friends arrive and we enter the arena together.   Grabbing a hot dog and a beer on the way to our seats, we get the nourishment we need to make it through the game.

We take our seats as the teams finish their warm-ups on the court.  I, along with probably everyone else in the arena, have my eye on Michael Jordan.  He was retired and this is only his fifth game since he reentered the sport. The big question, is how he will play?  He tends to do well in the Garden, but we, as Knicks fans, are hoping that’s not the case.

As the teams go back into the tunnel for their final time before the game starts, I can feel the excitement knotting in my stomach.  Not only am I in Madison Square Garden, the best place in the world to watch a game, but I’m about to see a battle royale between two of the best players in the game.

Ewing and Jordan have battled each other since the 1982 NCAA Championship game when Ewing was at Georgetown and Jordan was at the University of North Carolina.  And here they are again, ready for another rematch.

The magnitude of the moment is setting in.  No, it isn’t a championship game or even one on which the league standings hung.  It is just two great players, two iconic players, playing in the best arena in the world.  And here I am to watch.  I’m 21 years old and I don’t see how my life can get any better.

It’s gametime.  The crowd goes nuts as the lights go down and the starting lineups for each team are announced.  Everyone knows how big this game is.  The players take their positions.  The clock shows 12 minutes.  Tipoff.

The game is underway.  Still in shock of what I am witnessing, I have to remind myself to breathe.  The energy in the arena is overwhelming and I’m being consumed by it.   And it’s the best feeling in the world.

The first half is a blur.  It seems as though retirement has done nothing to slow down Michael Jordan.  He may have lost some of the height on his jumps and some of his signature grace, but he is still Michael.  Still amazing.

During halftime, my buddies and I talk about the game.  About Jordan and Ewing.  About bad calls by the referees and dirty plays by the players.   About what to do after the game.  But mostly, I am making a point to take a mental picture.  This is a moment that I want to remember.  This is a moment that I will never have again.  As a 21-year-old sports enthusiast, this is a defining moment in my life.

No time for sentimental moments, the second half is about to start.  There’s no way Jordan can have the same type of performance in this half that he had in the first.  He’s old.  He’s going to give out soon.

Not quite.  As though he was back in his 20s and had been training for years, Michael Jordan continues his dominant performance.  It remains a close game, but we just don’t have an answer for Jordan.  He’s unstoppable.

Layup here.  Three-pointer there.  The occasional Jordan-esque dunk.  Boy, is this a treat to watch.  With time winding down, I am hoping for overtime.   Not because I don’t want to Knicks to crush the Bulls, but because I want the game to continue.  Anything I can do to watch just a few more minutes of the action.

But the game doesn’t go into overtime.  No, on the last play of the game, Jordan sets up a play for a dunk by Bill Wennington.  The buzzer sounds.  113-111.  The Bulls over the Knicks.

Of course I’m disappointed that the Knicks lost, but I’m more excited than upset.  Excited because I know that I just witnessed one of the most amazing basketball games by one of the best players in history.  Jordan scored 55 points, almost half of the points that his entire team scored.  This performance was coined the “double nickel” and I knew instantly that I had witnessed a game that would go down in history. 

Sure, I’m a die-hard Knicks fan, but there’s just something about watching Michael Jordan play.   Seeing this game made me appreciate the sport for more than the competition.  To me, it’s an art.  I can appreciate Michael Jordan for the artist that he is.

I went into MSG hoping to see a good game that ended with a Knicks victory.  I left with a new outlook on the sport and the competition.  What makes the sport great is the players.  Regardless of what jersey they wear and who they are paid by, the athletes keep me coming back.

“More than anything, what Madison Square Garden means to me is the highest caliber of athlete playing at the highest level of competition.  There’s something really magical about seeing the best of the best compete.  There’s a feeling that comes with Madison Square Garden and it’s bigger than the game.”

Ethnography Study: Interview Report

July 20, 2010

by Amy McLeod
July 20, 2010

I spent a few hours Monday walking around Madison Square Garden and searching for interviews for my ethnography study.  Our assignment is to tell a story, based on these interviews, that is representative of our “street”.

Because it was the middle of the work day, MSG was slightly less hectic than usual.  There wasn’t the madness that typically surrounds Penn Station during rush hours.  There weren’t the mobs of tourists admiring the arena in awe.  Most of the people in the area were working – leaving them with little motivation or time to talk to me.  But I did find a few who were willing to indulge a student.

I first went to Brother Jimmy’s, a sports bar, that sits adjacent to Madison Square Garden.  I spoke to one hostess and one bartender who gave me insight as to the impact that MSG has on their business.  They know, for instance, that when there is a game or concert, they can expect an influx of people before and after the event.  The mentioned repeatedly how much their business would have benefitted if LeBron James had come to the Knicks.

Following my conversation with these two women, I headed into Madison Square Garden to speak with an employee.  I approached one security guard and she directed me to one of her colleagues.  He was very friendly and had been working in MSG for 26 years.  Because of this, he was able to give me information about how the arena has changed over the years.  Unfortunately, because of confidentiality agreements, he was not able to go into too much detail, but he provided me with some good information.

I am planning on speaking with a coworker who has attended events in Madison Square Garden and I look forward to getting her story.  I am hoping that I will be able to use these different stories to tell the full experience that comes with Madison Square Garden.

The Evolution of the World’s Most Famous Arena

June 20, 2010

by Amy McLeod
June 20, 2010

The history of Madison Square Garden dates back centuries, and it’s a history that is vibrant and full of excitement and transformation.  It was named for James Madison, the fourth president of the United States.  It has seen many changes, both in location, architecture, and purpose and it is still a prominent area in the landscape of New York City.

Madison Square Park is bordered by Fifth and Madison Avenues and 23rd and 26th streets.   It is located in the Flatiron District and is full of 19th century statues and landmarks from the Gilded Age.  Madison Square has had many different functions and was, at one time, the center of the city. What began as a swamp has led – after about three centuries – to one of the most popular arenas in the world.

Madison Square, the area that shares its name with the current Madison Square Garden, began as a natural, wooded area.  It’s ironic that, for a place that is so heavily populated today, the Lenape Indians found no value in the area.  Starting when the Dutch arrived in the early 1600s, the swampy land was used as a hunting ground.  Since that initial habitation, the land has been greatly utilized by the people living around it.

Beginning in 1807, the area where Madison Square now sits became known as “The Parade.” It was transformed from a swamp into an arsenal and a barracks, used by the military.  In 1825, the arsenal became a house of refuge and was used by the Society for the Protection of Juvenile Delinquents for adolescents who were committed by the courts.  Children who were taken from their parents because of mental or physical ailments live on this land.  This was the purpose of the park until the building burned in 1938 and a cottage was built.

Madison Cottage

The cottage was named “Madison Cottage” by William “Corporal” Thompson and the land took on the same name.   The cottage was a stopping point for immigrants either moving to or from the north.  The land took on the role as an unofficial public park.

It is suggested that the game of baseball began in Madison Square, as the New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club was the first organized, professional club to play the sport. “The club first started play in 1842, but it was not until 1845 that the club formally organized. Under the leadership of club president and committee chairman Dr. Daniel Lucius Adams, the Committee to Revise the Constitution and By-Laws created a set of 20 rules to govern the club” (Briggs).  Alexander Cartwright was instrumental in the creation of the rules and the sport.

Madison Square Park in 1896.

Madison Square was opened as an official public park on May 10, 1847. Madison Cottage stood until 1853 and was destroyed to make way for the Fifth Avenue Hotel.

This hotel, which opened in 1859, was the first to use an elevator and to offer such luxurious accommodations.  The hotel was home to many wealthy New Yorkers and politicians and hosted most of New York’s most elegant events.

Along with the hotel came Madison Square’s growth and place as the center of New York City.  “With the opening of the Fifth Avenue Hotel, the area started to become the center of New York’s social life. Many major hotels moved into the area, followed by retailers and the entertainment industry” (Madison).   Venues such as Madison Square Theatre and the Chickering Hall came to Madison Square, establishing even more it’s place as the center of the city.

Madison Square Park with the Fifth Avenue Hotel to the left and the torch from the Statue of Liberty on the right.

The park remained a huge part of the landscape of New York City and was relandscaped  by William Grant and Ignatz Pilat in 1870.  With this renovation came many statues and sculptures that are still present in the park today.  There is a memorial dedicated to Secretary of State William H. Seward, who is remembered for purchasing Alaska from Russia.  There are also statues of Roscoe Conkling, President Chester Alan Arthur and Admiral David Farragut.  An ornate fountain was also brought to the park.  In 1876, as a part of the centennial celebration of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the torch and arm of the Statue of Liberty were put on display in the park.  There were displayed as a way to make money for the construction of the Statue of Liberty.

The first Madison Square Garden was built in 1879.  It was built in the place of an old hippodrome.  Madison Square Garden was a cycling venue and led to Madison racing, a bicycling event that is still an Olympic sport.  The race is a treacherous one, that “confirms the assumption, no longer much contested, that the human animal is superior to other animals.  This undisputed thing is being said in too solemn and painful a way at Madison Square Garden” (A Brutal).

This arena hosted circuses and boxing matches and held 10,000 spectators.   It was also the site of the first indoor ice hockey rink in the United States.  As with many things in New York City during this time, the Vanderbilt family was instrumental in the creation and operation of the arena.

The second Madison Square Garden, with Diana on top of the tower.

The first Madison Square Garden was demolished and replaced with the second arena in 1890.  It was designed by Stanford White, an architect who lived in the tower of the arena.  Ironically, White was killed in 1906 in Madison Square Garden’s rooftop restaurant.

This arena was designed with Moorish influenced architecture and had a tower that reached 32 stories above Madison Square Park.  The second Madison Square Garden was topped with a copper statue of Diana that spun with the wind.  The statue gave Madison Square the nickname “Diana’s little wooded park”.  At the time of it’s construction, this building was the second tallest in New York City.  It had seating for 8,000 and floor space for thousands more.

The Flatiron Building, built in 1902

With the new Madison Square Garden, Madison Square remained at the center of one of Manhattan’s most elite areas.   At the turn of the 20th century, Madison Square and the area around it became the home to several new tall buildings.  First, in 1902, the Flatiron Building was erected.  It was daringly thin and its shape gave it the name “Flatiron”.  Then, in 1909, the MetLife Tower was built.  At 51 stories, it was the tallest building in the world.

Madison Square was home of the first Christmas tree in New  York.  The large community tree was on lit up on Christmas Eve in 1912.

In her novel, My Mortal Enemy, Willa Cather describes Madison Square circa 1915 in this way: “Madison Square was then at the parting of the ways; had a double personality, half commercial, half social, with shops to the south and residences to the north. It seemed to me so neat, after the raggedness of our Western cities; so protected by good manners and courtesy – like an open-air drawing-room” (Cather).

It was a place of great wealth and lavish surroundings.  It was defined by its commercial and social atmostphere and was host to many elite events and people in Manhattan.

Just before the second Madison Square Garden arena was destroyed, it hosted the 1924 Democratic National Convention.  Shortly after the convention, the building was torn down and the New York Life Insurance Building was built.   This building, with it’s gold top, is one of the most beautiful and recognizable landmarks in New York City today.

The third Madison Square Garden was moved from Madison Square and built on 50th Street and 8th Avenue.  It opened in 1925 and held nearly 18,500 spectators.

The third Madison Square Garden

Tex Rickard built the arena and it became known as “The House that Tex Built”.   The arena was host to the New York Knicks, New York Rangers and many entertainment events.  The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus originally performed at the second Madison Square Garden in 1919 and were a huge success.  They continued to perform in the new arena as many as three times a day well through the 1930s.

Though it held countless NBA and NCAA basketball games and entertainment and political events, this particular MSG was known mostly for its boxing matches.   It is the backdrop for the 2005 film Cinderella Man and was home to many of the most watched boxing matches to date, showcasing boxers such as Fritzie Zivic, Henry Armstrong and Jack Dempsey.   The arena was torn down in 1968 and is now the home to the Worldwide Plaza.

Finally, the fourth Madison Square Garden was opened in February of 1968.  Under the direction of R.E. McKee, the structure of the building is very unique.  It is situated on top of Pennsylvania Station, on 8th Avenue between 31st and 33rd Streets.   Irving Mitchell Felt, the chairman of Madison Square Garden, said “it stands at the true center of America’s commerce industry, culture and the arts.  It is a world center” (Hollander).

The Garden now plays host to the St. John’s Red Storm, the WWE, New York Rangers, New York Knicks, New York Liberty, New York Titans, New York Knights and New York CityHawks.  It has hosted both the Republican and Democratic National Conventions. It is also home to numerous graduations and award shows.

The current Madison Square Garden

Madison Square Garden, which underwent massive renovation in 1991, has hosted many historical events.  These include the first Joe Frazier-Muhammad Ali fight and the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. The most popular and prominent musicians have performed in Madison Square Garden. Billy Joel said, “Madison Square Garden is the center of the universe as far as I’m concerned. It has the best acoustics, the best audiences, the best reputation, and the best history of great artists who have played there.  It is the iconic, holy temple of Rock and Roll for most touring acts and being a New Yorker, it holds a special significance to me” (MSG.com).

Madison Square Garden has been the backdrop for many television shows and movies and is even referenced in video games.  This building is unique in accessability, structure and adaptability.  With 200,000 people passing through Penn Station every day, and the scope of events that the arena has to offer, it seems there is nothing this building can’t do or hasn’t done.

Madison Square Garden has been compared to the Colosseum, the Crystal Palace and the Hippodrome.  All road led to the Colosseum.  The Crystal Palace was the world center for exhibits and exhibition.  And the Hippodrome was the center of entertainment.  Madison Square Garden is and does all of those things.  It is, as they say, “The World Most Famous Arena.”

The World's Most Famous Arena

Sources

1.  “A Brutal Exhibition.” New York Times 11 Dec. 1897: 8. Print.

2.  Briggs, Mike. “Knickerbocker Base Ball Club of New York – BR Bullpen.” Baseball-Reference.com – Major League Baseball Statistics and History. 1 Nov. 2006. Web. 17 June 2010. <http://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Knickerbocker_Base_Ball_Club_of_New_York&gt;.

3.  Cather, Willa. My Mortal Enemy. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1926. Print.

4.  Hollander, Zander. Madison Square Garden; a Century of Sport and Spectacle on the World’s Most Versatile Stage. New York: Hawthorn, 1973. Print.

5.  Jackson, Kenneth T. The Encyclopedia of New York City. New Haven, Conn.: Yale UP, 1995. Print.

6.  “Madison Square, New York City.” A View On Cities. Web. 16 June 2010. <http://www.aviewoncities.com/nyc/madisonsquare.htm&gt;.

7.  “Madison Square Park – Historical Facts.” Madison Square Park Conservancy – Home. Web. 16 June 2010. <https://www.madisonsquarepark.org/about/historicalfacts.aspx&gt;.

8.  “MSG.com – Press Releases – Madison Square Garden, Radio City Named Venues of the Decade.” MSG.com – Home. 21 Dec. 2009. Web. 16 June 2010. <http://garden.msg.com/pressreleases/msg-radiocity-venues-of-the-decade.html&gt;.

9.  Nakate, Shashank. “History of Madison Square Garden.” Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 17 June 2010. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-madison-square-garden.html&gt;

10.  “New York Architecture Images- Madison Square Garden.” Nyc-architecture | New York Architecture- Historic and Contemporary. Web. 17 June 2010. <http://www.nyc-architecture.com/GON/GON016.htm&gt;.

11.  Schumach, Murray. “Ext and Last Attraction at Old Madison Square Garden to Be Wreckers’ Ball.” New York Times 14 Feb. 1968. Print.

Madison Square Garden: From 1609 to 2010

June 14, 2010

by Amy McLeod
June 13, 2010

Madison Square Garden is in a very busy, hectic area of New York City.  It is right next to Penn Station and only a few short blocks from Times Square.  The hustle-and-bustle of this area stands in stark contrast to the way the block – and the entire island – was before settlement by the Dutch.

I am fascinated by the fact that the arena is right in the middle of the city.  In most of my experience, large arenas and venues are on the outskirts of a large city.  However, it is a great location for the arena as it is right next to Penn Station.  It is an easy location for tourists and residents alike and attracts visitors from all of the surrounding states as well.

At the time when the Lenape Native Americans inhabited present day Manhattan, the area was a completely natural, forested region. The area was almost exclusively till and schist, making it not ideal for growing crops.  It was a hilly region and was covered with pine forest trees.

The block where Madison Square Garden sits now was not used much by the Lenape.  It was about 1,300 meters away from the nearest settlement and 10 meters from the nearest trail.  There was little to hunt in the area and not much in terms of gathering, either.  There were some berry bushes that were used by the people, but it was not an area that was often inhabited or utilized.

The industry that is most present in Madison Square Garden today is Arts, Entertainment and Recreation.  With the events that take place in the arena, these jobs are the most important and the most appropriate.

Madison Square Garden: What’s in a name?

April 25, 2010

by Amy McLeod
April 24, 2010

Madison Square Garden is not on located Madison Avenue.  It’s not shaped like a square.  And the limited landscaping hardly constitutes a garden.  So what’s the deal?

Madison Square Garden is the self-proclaimed “World’s Most Famous Arena.”  And I think they’re probably right.

It’s the home to the New York Knicks, Liberty and Rangers, as well as the St. John’s basketball team and the National Invitation Tournament (NIT).  It’s hosted some of the biggest performers and performances of all time.

I am interested in learning more about The Garden because of my interest in both sports and entertainment.  It opened in 1968 and there is so much history in the building.

It’s a mecca for both athletes and performers — both strive to make it to Madison Square Garden.  It’s a special place and seems to have a significant impact on those who play (sports or shows) in it.

“I do have a special feeling about Madison Square Garden. When you are at MSG, you have to deliver your best performance.”
Wladimir Klitschko

I would love to learn about it’s history.  What was it before an arena?  What is so special about it?  What does it take to play there?  And where in the world did it get it’s name?